National Parks – Benefits to Human Beings
Of late, natural resources have come under threat from expansive civilization in most parts of the world. Flora and fauna or plants and animals are the main resources of the world. This threat to natural resources has made many countries to set up areas of conservation for plants and animals. Most countries in the world refer to such conservation areas as game parks or game reserves. In most countries, national parks are usually under the control of national and county governments.
It is a clear fact that national parks are very important to the economy of any country. Rare plant species and wildlife form the most important living things in most national parks and they are different from one park to the other or from one country to another. It is therefore very common to find many tourists visiting specific countries just to catch a glimpse of such rare phenomena. Tourism is a major foreign exchange earner to most countries that have tourist attraction sites. Income from tourism leads to an increased growth of a country’s Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P).
Attractions in national parks are quite different and diverse. A good example is the presence of rare animal species in national parks found in African countries. Animals like lions, elephants, leopards and buffaloes roam most national parks of African countries. Animal species in other continents happen to be largely those not found in Africa. A good example is the availability of Kangaroos in Australian national parks and the great bison in United States of America.
The modern world has witnessed an increase of national parks being used for recreational activities. Activities like camping and hiking are some of the recreational attractions in national parks. Long distance athletic races like marathons have also started being held in national parks. How do national parks serve as recreational activities? This question is quite significant since many countries do not allow for human-wildlife conflicts.
First of all, it is good to understand that recreational activities cannot happen in any national parks. Only those national parks that allow for recreation without human-wildlife conflicts are used for such purposes. An example of such adaptations is in the United States of America where the Big Bend national park has been used for a long time for hiking. This is simply because the park has natural trails away from animal habitats.
Other outdoor activities carried out within national parks include camping and leisure walks. For camping to be conducted, a park that is not inhabited by carnivorous animals comes in handy. This stems from the fact that carnivores are quite dangerous. In a bid to eradicate chances for human-wildlife conflict, most governments have set up areas for recreation which are far from natural habitats of wildlife within the park.
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