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What Is A Colonoscopy? Colonoscopy can detect cancer which makes it a life saving procedure. It isn’t always something to which patients are looking forward to but, it’s an effective yet easy way of preventing colon cancer before this becomes a deadly condition. By learning about some things to expect, it can actually help you to alleviate concerns that you have before going into the process. Both men and women must have the procedure done at the age of 50. And not until they’re 75 years old, this procedure has to be repeated once every 5 to 10 years. It can be crucial to have such procedure done more frequently which depends on the doctor’s findings. As for those who have immediate relative who has been diagnosed with polyps or colon cancer before 60, they should start a screening at the age of 40. Anyone who has disorder that might predispose them to cancer risk like ulcerative colitis might need to undergo colonoscopy at earlier age, which is determined by a physician. Before you start with anything, only clear liquids and foods have to be consumed which includes broth, water, tea, clear juices, gelatin and coffee without cream and never consume anything that’s purple, blue or red. The doctor might require the patient as well to stop taking some medications for a set period of time prior to the procedure. It might also be necessary to take antibiotics in some cases. In order to get a better view of the colon, having a bowel preparation has to be done. Typically, this will start on the day before and include anything like laxative pill that’s to be taken with enough fluids, prepared laxative solution that may be mixed with a sports drink or electrolyte solution and enema that is washing out the colon.
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You must be sure to complete preparation as what instructed by your physician. There’s a chance that the doctor will not be able to see clearly through your colon if this is not done according to specifications.
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An anesthesia will be used in order to sedate the patient throughout the procedure. If there are some things that the doctor is concerned of, he/she is going to remove anything that they might see. In addition to that, a biopsy may be taken for examination and the whole procedure may last for as quick as 20 minutes or as long as 1 hour. Afterwards, the patient can take a rest for an hour as the sedation wears off. It is recommended for the patient to have someone who will accompany them to go home because the sedation may make them feel drowsy. You may also expect to feel minimal cramps and discomfort.