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The Basics of Filing a Lawsuit

The constitution has been established to ensure that every right of every human being is protected at all times. And yet, there are several people who do not get the right treatment that they deserve; thus, they need to be able to protect their own rights. Filing a lawsuit against the person or group of people who have done you wrong is one way of ensuring that your rights as a human being are properly protected. When it comes to filing any lawsuit, one must bear in mind that it involves a lot of steps to be able to get the result that you want. You are guaranteed to win your case if you know and learn these steps throughout the process.

When it comes to filing a lawsuit, the first step that you must take is to file your primary complaint and then issue a summons. Both these important things will summarize the entire incident that has happened to that led you to file a lawsuit, the person or persons responsible and whom you are up against, and the kind of compensation you want to receive from the court of law because of the damage you have received. After filing and issuing of both of these things, the court clerk will then provide the necessary suit information to the person that has just been filed a lawsuit. Once the defendant has then received the information, he or she will provide an answer to the summons. The answer usually follows one of opposite directions: first it may be acceptance of the lawsuit or second it may be filing a countersuit claiming that the prosecutor was the one who was responsible for the entire situation outlined in the complaint.

When the court of law has received the answer of the defendant, the case will then officially start and so the process of discovery then starts off. The discovery process starts off with both the defendant and prosecutor sides looking for the necessary evidence to prove their side of the story. These evidences must always be exchanged and be registered by both parties so that either party will be protected by the court of law for cases where a secret witness or any hidden evidence is surprisingly presented.

It is during this time that a pretrial conference takes place where the prosecutor, defendant, their respective lawyers, and the judge that will preside their case will meet. A pretrial conference must be done to avoid any delays in the court of law. It is usually being held and done about one week before the official trial takes place. It is also during this time that a settlement may be reached by both parties if this is what they want to happen.

After all of these things, the trial then begins. It is during this time that witnesses are brought in and evidences are presented. After the judge has provided the jury the necessary instructions to deliberate on the case, the jury will then reach a decision.

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